When Do Dogs Mature and Calm Down

As devoted animal lovers, we eagerly anticipate the stages of our canine companions’ lives. One common question that arises is, “When do dogs mature and calm down?” It’s natural to wonder when the puppy frenzy subsides and our furry friends reach a more balanced and calm state. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various factors that contribute to a dog’s maturity and the timeline for their calming down. Understanding these stages of canine development will help us navigate their behavior, provide appropriate training and care, and foster a harmonious relationship with our beloved dogs.


The Developmental Stages of Dogs

Puppyhood: A whirlwind of energy and exploration

During the puppyhood stage, dogs are full of boundless energy and curiosity. This is a time of rapid growth and development, both physically and mentally. Puppies are eager to explore their surroundings, play, and learn about the world. They may exhibit behaviors such as chewing, jumping, and zooming around with endless enthusiasm.

As young puppies, they rely on their mother and littermates for socialization and learning basic doggy manners. They engage in play with their siblings, honing their social skills and learning bite inhibition. This stage is crucial for their future behavior and relationships with humans and other animals.

Adolescence: The teenage years of canine development

Just like human teenagers, adolescent dogs go through a period of increased independence and testing boundaries. This stage typically occurs around 6 to 18 months of age, depending on the breed and individual dog. Adolescence is characterized by a surge in hormones, which can lead to behavioral changes and challenges for both dogs and their owners.

During this phase, dogs may become more assertive, exhibit stubbornness, or show signs of rebellion. They may test limits, display selective listening, and become more interested in exploring their environment. It is essential for owners to provide consistent training, guidance, and patience during this period to help their dogs navigate the transition from puppyhood to adulthood.

Adulthood: Reaching physical and mental maturity

As dogs reach adulthood, typically between 1 to 3 years old, they begin to settle into their adult personalities and behaviors. They become more self-assured, emotionally stable, and confident. Physical growth slows down, and they reach their full size and strength.

In terms of behavior, adult dogs tend to display a more balanced temperament. They have a better understanding of social cues, are generally more obedient, and have increased focus and attention span. They are more adept at following commands and are less prone to impulsive behaviors seen in their younger years.

Senior years: Embracing a more relaxed and seasoned demeanor

As dogs enter their senior years, usually around 7 to 10 years old or later, they gradually transition into a more relaxed and seasoned stage of life. They may exhibit a slower pace, reduced energy levels, and an increased preference for rest and relaxation. However, each dog ages differently, and factors such as breed, genetics, and overall health can influence the onset of seniority.

Senior dogs may experience age-related changes, such as decreased mobility, hearing or vision loss, and potential cognitive decline. It is crucial to provide them with appropriate care, including regular vet check-ups, a nutritious diet, and tailored exercise routines to support their aging bodies.

Factors Influencing Maturity and Calmness

Breed characteristics and size

The process of maturing and calming down in dogs can vary depending on several factors, including breed characteristics and size. Different breeds have distinct traits and energy levels that can influence the pace at which they mature and reach a calmer state.

For instance, some small breed dogs, like Chihuahuas or Yorkshire Terriers, tend to mature and calm down earlier than larger breeds, such as Great Danes or Saint Bernards. Small breeds may reach their adult size and exhibit a more settled demeanor by around 1 to 2 years of age, while larger breeds may continue to grow and develop for up to 3 years or more.

 Individual temperament and personality

In addition to breed characteristics, the temperament and personality of an individual dog play a significant role in their maturation process. Just like humans, dogs have their own unique personalities, which can influence how quickly they mature and become calmer.

Some dogs naturally have a more laid-back and easygoing temperament, making them more inclined to exhibit calm behaviors at an earlier age. On the other hand, dogs with more energetic or high-strung personalities may take longer to reach a calmer state.

 Early socialization and training

Early socialization and training play a crucial role in shaping a dog’s behavior and can contribute to their maturity and ability to calm down. Exposing puppies to a variety of people, animals, environments, and experiences at a young age helps them develop confidence, proper social skills, and emotional stability.

Consistent and positive training methods also contribute to a dog’s ability to control impulses, follow commands, and exhibit appropriate behavior. Dogs that receive early socialization and training are more likely to mature into well-behaved and calm adults.

 Spaying/neutering and its impact on behavior

Spaying (for females) and neutering (for males) can have an impact on a dog’s behavior and may contribute to their overall calmness. These procedures can help reduce hormonal influences, such as the heat cycle in females or the urge to roam and mate in males.

While spaying/neutering alone does not guarantee a dog will automatically become calm, it can help in reducing certain behaviors associated with hormonal changes, such as aggression, territorial marking, or roaming tendencies. It is important to consult with a veterinarian to understand the potential effects of spaying/neutering on an individual dog’s behavior and health.


The process of when dogs mature and calm down is influenced by various factors, including breed characteristics, individual temperament, early socialization and training, and spaying/neutering. While some dogs may reach a calmer state earlier, others may take longer based on their unique traits and experiences. Regardless of the timeline, providing appropriate care, training, and socialization throughout a dog’s development is essential for fostering their well-being and helping them become well-adjusted, calm companions.

Signs of Maturity and Calming Down

Decreased hyperactivity and impulsiveness

As dogs mature and grow, they typically experience a decrease in hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Puppies are known for their boundless energy and tendency to act on impulse, but as they reach adulthood, they start to settle down and exhibit more self-control. This can lead to a noticeable decrease in their overall hyperactive behavior.

 Improved impulse control and focus

One of the key signs of a dog maturing and calming down is the improvement in their impulse control and ability to focus. Younger dogs often struggle with staying attentive and may be easily distracted by their surroundings. However, as they mature, they become better at maintaining focus, following commands, and resisting impulsive behaviors.

Settling into established routines and habits

Mature dogs tend to settle into established routines and habits, which contributes to their overall calmness. They become familiar with their daily schedule, including meal times, exercise routines, and rest periods. This predictability helps them feel secure and reduces stress, resulting in a more relaxed and content demeanor.

Reduced need for constant supervision

As dogs mature and become more calm, they typically require less constant supervision. They develop a better understanding of boundaries and house rules, making them less likely to engage in destructive behaviors or get into mischief. This reduced need for constant supervision allows dog owners to have more peace of mind and provides the dog with more independence and freedom within the home.


The process of when dogs mature and calm down is marked by several noticeable changes, including decreased hyperactivity and impulsiveness, improved impulse control and focus, settling into established routines and habits, and a reduced need for constant supervision. These changes contribute to a dog’s overall demeanor and behavior, making them more manageable and enjoyable companions. It’s important to remember that each dog is unique, and the timeline for maturity and calmness may vary. By providing proper training, socialization, and consistent care, dog owners can support their furry friends in reaching a balanced and calm state.


Timeline for Maturity and Calming Down

Small and toy breeds

When it comes to small and toy breeds, their maturity and calming down process may occur earlier compared to larger breeds. Small and toy breeds generally reach physical maturity faster, often between 9 to 12 months. Their energy levels may start to decrease, and they may exhibit a more settled demeanor earlier in their lives. However, it’s important to note that individual variations exist within each breed, so some small or toy breeds may take longer to reach maturity and calm down.

Medium-sized breeds

Medium-sized breeds typically reach their physical and mental maturity between 12 to 18 months. They may experience a gradual reduction in hyperactivity and display more balanced behavior during this period. Medium-sized breeds often benefit from regular exercise and mental stimulation to help channel their energy and maintain a calm disposition.

Large and giant breeds

Large and giant breeds tend to have a longer growth period and may take more time to mature and calm down. They may continue to experience bursts of energy and puppy-like behavior until they reach around 2 to 3 years of age. These breeds often have a slower development rate, both physically and mentally, which contributes to their longer maturation process. Patience and consistent training are essential for large and giant breeds to help them navigate this phase and develop into well-behaved, calm dogs.


The process of when dogs mature and calm down varies among different breeds and sizes. Small and toy breeds tend to reach maturity earlier, while medium-sized breeds follow closely behind. Large and giant breeds have a longer maturation period and may take more time to calm down. Understanding the breed characteristics, size, and individual temperament of your dog can give you a general idea of when to expect them to mature and become calmer. It’s important to remember that every dog is unique, and the timeline can be influenced by various factors. Providing proper training, socialization, and consistent care will help guide your dog through their maturation process and foster a calm and balanced disposition.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

FAQ 1: At what age do dogs typically start calming down?

Dogs generally start to calm down and mature between 1 to 3 years of age. However, the exact timeline can vary depending on factors such as breed, size, and individual temperament. Smaller breeds tend to mature faster and may exhibit calmer behavior at an earlier age compared to larger breeds.

FAQ 2: Do all dogs reach the same level of calmness?

No, not all dogs reach the same level of calmness. Each dog has its own unique temperament and personality, which can influence their energy levels and disposition. Additionally, factors such as genetics, early socialization, and training also play a role in a dog’s overall calmness. Some breeds may naturally have a more laid-back temperament, while others may be more energetic throughout their lives.

FAQ 3: Can training and socialization affect a dog’s maturity?

Yes, training and socialization play a crucial role in a dog’s maturity and ability to remain calm. Proper training helps dogs develop self-control, impulse management, and obedience, which can contribute to their overall calm behavior. Early socialization exposes dogs to different people, animals, and environments, teaching them appropriate behaviors and reducing anxiety or fear-related issues.

FAQ 4: Does spaying/neutering impact a dog’s behavior and calmness?

Spaying or neutering can have an impact on a dog’s behavior and calmness. These procedures can help reduce hormone-related behaviors such as aggression, roaming, and marking territory. However, the effects may vary among individual dogs, and it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to understand the potential behavioral changes associated with spaying/neutering.

FAQ 5: Are there any specific breeds known for their calm temperament?

Yes, some breeds are generally known for their calm temperament. Breeds such as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Basset Hound, Newfoundland, and Great Dane are often described as calm and easygoing. However, it’s important to remember that individual dogs within a breed can still vary in temperament, so it’s essential to consider the specific dog’s personality and behavior when assessing their calmness.


In conclusion, understanding when dogs mature and calm down is essential for dog owners. While the exact timeline varies based on factors such as breed, size, and individual temperament, dogs generally start to calm down between 1 to 3 years of age. Training, socialization, and spaying/neutering can influence a dog’s maturity and calm behavior. It’s important to remember that not all dogs reach the same level of calmness, as each dog has its own unique personality and disposition. Additionally, some breeds are known for their generally calm temperament, but individual variations still exist. By providing proper care, training, and attention, dog owners can support their furry companions’ journey towards maturity and a more settled demeanor.